WF 215S : S-215 Fire Operations in Urban Interface for Structure Fire

Transcript title

S-215 Urban Interface/SFS

Credits

3

Grade mode

Standard letter grades

Contact hours total

30

Lecture hours

30

Prerequisites

Department approval based on certified NWCG Firefighter Type II or have completed NWCG S-130/190 and be certified NFPA Firefighter I or be qualified NWCG Firefighter Type I.

Recommended preparation

WF 101.

Description

Designed to assist structure and wildland firefighters who will be making tactical decisions when confronting wildland fire that threatens life, property, and improvements, in the wildland/urban interface. Instructional units include interface awareness, size-up, initial strategy and incident action plan, structure triage, structure protection tactics, incident action plan assessment and update, follow-up and public relations, and firefighter safety in the interface.

Learning outcomes

1. Identify and describe the characteristics of fuels, weather, and topography that influence wildland fire behavior.
2. Describe the interaction of fuels, weather, and topography on wildland fire behavior, fireline tactics, and safety.
3. Operate safely and effectively in a wildland/urban interface incident by using situation awareness, performing structure triage, using pre-planning tools, having a basic understanding of fire behavior, and using strategy and tactics unique to the wildland/urban interface environment.

Content outline

I. Fire Environment
A. Describe the three components of the wildland fire environment.
B. List and give examples of the three methods of heat transfer.
C. List three methods of mass transport of firebrands on wildland fire.
D. Explain the relationship between flame height/length and its relationship to the fireline intensity.
E. Describe primary environmental factors affecting ignition, fire intensity, and rate of spread of wildland
fires.
F. Discuss the relationship of wildland fires of different intensities to their environments.
G. Describe the behavior of wildland fires using standard fire behavior terminology.
II. Topographic Influences on Wildland Fire Behavior
A. Identify standard features on a topographic map.
B. Describe how topography affects fuels and their availability for combustion.
C. Describe how topography can affect the direction and rate of spread of wildland fires.
D. Describe how changes in fuels and topography can provide full and partial barriers to the spread of
wildland fires.
E. Describe how slope percent can be determined or estimated in the field.
III. Fuels
A. Identify and describe basic wildland fuel characteristics.
B. Identify and describe seven characteristics of fuels that affect wildland fire behavior.
C. Identify and define by size class the four dead fuel timelag categories used to classify fuels.
D. Describe how fuel availability is essential to predicting wildland fire behavior.
E. Describe the fuel model concept and its utility for predicting wildland fire behavior.
IV. Firefighter Safety in the Interface
A. Define Interface
B. Describe operating principles and unique safety concerns to firefighters in the interface.
C. Describe escape routes, temporary refuge areas, and safety zones as they apply to firefighting in the interface.
V. Managing Human Factors in the Interface
A. Discuss how preparing for and responding to interface fires is a shared responsibility as outlined in the Federal Wildland Fire Policy.
B. Describe some human factors encountered in the interface that affect critical decision making for firefighter and public safety.
C. Discuss the value of the Incident Command System (ICS) and mutual aid situations as they apply to an interface incident.
VI. Pre-Incident Planning
A. Identify three resources for pre-incident planning.
B. List items to consider in pre-incident planning.
C. Describe some of the factors to be considered with the public before an interface incident occurs.
VII. Sizeup and Intitial Strategy
A. Describe items to consider when sizing up an interface fire, before and after arriving at the scene.
B. Describe items to consider when developing an initial strategy and plan.
C. Describe initial operations and briefing requirements during an emerging interface incident.
D. Discuss issues regarding evacuation operations during an interface incident.
VIII. Structure Triage
A. List the four structure triage categories and the four items in the
decision process.
B. List five factors upon which to base structure triage decisions, and give
three examples of each.
C. List conditions that may indicate that a structure cannot be saved.
IX. Structure Protection Overview
A. Select a tactical action and determine if it is offensive or defensive.
B. List the seven structure protection tactical actions.
X. Tactic in the Interface
A. List items to consider when evaluating the structure’s exterior.
B. Identify items to address when performing exterior structure preparation.
C. List tasks to perform when preparing the structure’s interior.
D. Identify the importance and required tasks to perform after the fire front passes.
XI. Tactical Operations and Resource Use in the Interface.
A. Identify tactics employed in confronting a fire at a structure.
B. List tactical uses of different resources at an interface incident.
C. Given a firing operation in the interface, list methods used to protect structures.
XII. Action Assessment, Plan Update, and After Action
A. List the seven items that need to be considered in assessing the effectiveness of an action plan.
B. Given an action plan and scenario, demonstrate how to properly update the plan when the scenario changes.
C. Identify steps used in an After Action Review (AAR).
XIII. Final Field Exercise
XIV. Final Exam

Required materials

Materials are provided by the college.

Grading methods

Grades will be determined by weekly homework, midterm exam, field exercises, final presentation and final exam; may include discussion and short essays.

Outside of
expected

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